James Houison

1800-1876

 

PARRAMATTA’S FORGOTTEN ARCHITECT

 

 

 

Front Cover: The Church of All Saints’, Victoria Road, Parramatta North, (Marsfield).  Designed by James Houison and constructed with his partner, Nathaniel Payten, completed 1861.

J McClymont, 2005

 

CONTENTS

List of Illustrations                                                                                    v

A Building Timeline                                                                                    ix

Abbreviations                                                                                            x

Introduction                                                                                             xi

 

Chapter 1           1800-1832    bRED to building                    1-7

         Part 1        Nairn, Scotland and London, England

         Part 2        To the shores of Botany Bay

 

Chapter 2           1832-1835    IN THE FAR SHADE OF

                                               Regency LONDON                     8-34

         Part 1        Verandahs for John Verge and the luminaries

         Part 2        The Vineyard (Cottage), Hannibal Hawkins Macarthur

                              and James’ marriage to Ann Stark

         Part 3        The New Vineyard (Vineyard House), 1835-1837

         Part 4        A new name for The New Vineyard – Subiaco

         Part 5        Settling in Parramatta

 

Chapter 3           1836-1840    FOR LAW AND ORDER                    35-59

         Part 1        Elegant and artistic buildings for St Patrick

         Part 2        A new gaol for the Parramatta district

         Part 3        Apprentice Nat Payten becomes a master mason

         Part 4        Carpenters, quarrymen and stonemasons needed

                              to build a gaol for partners James Houison and

                              Nat Payten

         Part 5        ‘providing the materials and executing the masons…’

         Part 6        A chapel and a church plan – St Augustine and St

                              Stephen

 

Chapter 4           1840-1845    WEATHERING THE STORM         60-89

         Part 1        Depressed times – real estate, mortgages

                              – much work, good results

         Part 2        The Methodist Centenary Church, Church Street,

                              North Parramatta, 1841

         Part 3        Town houses for the partners – Tara and Kia Ora

         Part 4        Pure water for Parramatta – the Hunts Creek Dam

         Part 5        A villa with a view - Wavertree

         Part 6        Perth House (originally Rose Cottage), 85 George

                              Street, c1841-45

 

Chapter 5           1845-1850    GOTHIC CHALLENGES             90-104

         Part 1        Tenders will be received for the erection of

                              a church at Newlands, North Parramatta

                              – All Saints’

         Part 2        A colonnade and verandah at Newington for John

                              Blaxland

         Part 3        Dr Anderson's Town House, Macquarie Street, 1846

         Part 4        A committee man - an architect amongst the

                              landowners and magistrates – the Parramatta

                              Hospital

 

Chapter 6           1850-1855    PROSPEROUS TIMES             105-120

         Part 1        A villa for North Parramatta - Endrim

         Part 2        Repairs and reports - leaking roofs and termites

         Part 3        Dr Anderson’s drinking fountains

         Part 4        A new church on old towers for St John's

         Part 5        A fellow Scot – David Lennox

 

Chapter 7           1855-1860   VILLAS, CHURCHES

                                   AND SCHOOLS                    121-139

         Part 1        Another villa for North Parramatta

                              - Morton House

         Part 2        A parish school for St John’s Church

         Part 3        A schoolhouse and residence for All Saints’

         Part 4        A design by A.W.N. Pugin – a larger Church

                              for St Patrick

         Part 5        A villa in the south - Harborne

 

 

 

 

Chapter 8           1860-1870   A CORPORATION ALDERMAN    140-158

         Part 1        Corporation meetings in the Court House

         Part 2        Timber shelters in the Parramatta Asylum

         Part 3        Other building works in Parramatta

         Part 4        ‘An interesting stone building by Lennox Bridge’ –

                              Bond House

         Part 5        Minor matters

         Part 6        A ‘country villa’ – for his home town – Nairn Cottage

         Part 7        More verandahs - and a summer house – Rouse Hill

         Part 8        More minor works

 

Chapter 9           1870-1876    LAST DAYS                        159-162

         Part 1        ‘goodness and mercy…shall surely follow me’

Chapter 10         THE FAMILY                                       163-182

         Part 1        The storytellers and the links

 

 

Appendices:

           A.            Last Will and Testament of James Houison                   183

           B.            The Partnership – Deed of Partition                             189

           C.            A brief genealogy of the Houison family                       193

           D.            The Houison Ledger 1840-50                                       197

           E.            Select Bibliography                                                     199

           Acknowledgments                                                                       205

           Index                                                                                         207

 

 

 

LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS

James Houison, c1875                                                                   xiv

Map of Scotland                                                                              2

Map of Nairn                                                                                  2

Capt. Phillip Parker King                                                                  5

Anna Josepha King                                                                          6

Gov. Philip Gidley King                                                                     6

Orwell House, Woolloomooloo Hill                                                     9

Goderich Lodge                                                                             11

Barham                                                                                         12

Vineyard Cottage                                                                          14

Vineyard Cottage, c1798                                                               15

Vineyard Cottage                                                                          16

Vineyard Cottage                                                                          17

Gateside Inn, near Perth, Scotland                                                18

Ann (Stark) Houison                                                                      19

Sketch maps of Vineyard Farm and Subiaco                                   20

Vineyard’s entrance and stair hall                                                  21

Plan of The Vineyard Cottage                                                        22

The Vineyard stables                                                                    23

The Garden Cottage                                                                      23

Subiaco Convent                                                                            25

Subiaco                                                                                        26

Vineyard columns and Inner doors                                                  27

Bateman house                                                                              28

St Andrew’s Kirk                                                                          30

Lots 1 and 2 in Phillip Street                                                         31

First church of St Patrick                                                            36

Second St Patrick’s                                                                       37

King’s sandstone gaol of 1802                                                        39

Barney’s radiating cell-block plan of 1835                                      41

Nathaniel Payten Snr                                                                    42

Susannah Payten                                                                            42

Land plan re Payten’s inn                                                                44

Mortimer Lewis’ plan of the Court House                                       50

Court House                                                                                  51

Court House details                                                                      52

St Augustine chapel at Newington                                                 54

St Stephen the Martyr Church, Penrith                                        55

Harvey’s or Dare’s Mill                                                                  61

Perth House, later Tara                                                                63

Dr Isaac Phipps Waugh                                                                 65

Tara                                                                                             66

Tara just prior to demolition                                                         67

64 Macquarie Street, Parramatta (Kia Ora)                                   70

Location sketch map of Parramatta water supply                            74

Dam for Parramatta water supply                                                  75

Lake Parramatta Reserve                                                              76

Marsden family’s subdivision of the Newlands Estate                     79

1859 proposed subdivision                                                             80

Marsden’s Rangihou                                                                       81

Wavertree                                                                                   81

Perth House                                                                                  83

Perth House details                                                                      84

Perth House details                                                                      85

Plans for church at Newlands (All Saints)                                       92

All Saints’ Church, 1863                                                                94

Newington                                                                                    95

Parramatta Colonial (later District) Hospital                                  96

Hambledon Cottage, c1960                                                            97

Map showing location of Edgeworth                                               99

Rose Cottage                                                                              100

Edgeworth                                                                                  100

Rev. William Gore                                                                        105

Endrim                                                                                        107

Endrim details                                                                            108

Dr Anderson drinking fountain                                                     111

St John’s Church, 1803 plan                                                        112

Mrs Macquarie’s painting of St John’s in early 1810                     113

St John’s Church, 1818 plan                                                         113

St John’s Church, Houison’s plans                                                 114

St Mary the Virgin Church, Iffley, England                                  115

St John’s Church, west door                                                        115

St John’s Church, interior                                                           115

St John’s Church                                                                        116

Houison Memorial window                                                             117

David Lennox’s home                                                                    118

Morton House                                                                             123

Morton House details                                                                  124

St John’s Grammar School                                                           125

All Saints’ Schoolhouse                                                                127

Modified All Saints’ Schoolhouse                                                 128

Third church for St Patrick                                                        129

Steeple addition to St Patrick’s                                                  131

Fourth St Patrick’s church                                                          132

Cathedral of St Patrick                                                               133

Harborne                                                                                    135

Harborne birdbath                                                                     136

Harborne details                                                                         137

James and Ann Houison, c1864                                                     140

Hustings outside Parramatta Court House                                    141

Elder House                                                                                142

Parramatta Asylum shelter shed                                                  143

Leigh Memorial Church                                                                144

Bond House plans                                                                         146

Bond House                                                                                 147

Nairn Cottage                                                                             149

Deskford                                                                                    150

Nairn Cottage                                                                             151

St Barnabas Church                                                                    151

Rouse Hill House verandah columns                                               152

Rouse Hill House west service wing                                              153

Rouse Hill House bath house                                                        154

Rouse Hill House summer-house                                                   154

Dr Richard Greenup                                                                    156

Margaret Houison                                                                       164

Foundation stone of Margaret Houison Hall                                  165

Jessie (Stark) Cretnay                                                               165

Alexander Houison                                                                      166

Fanny (Roberts) Houison                                                              166

Location map of Pennant Street Bridge                                        167

Annie Evelyn Houison                                                                   168

James Houison (b1866)                                                               168

Town Dam                                                                                   169

David Houison                                                                             169

Annie and Hugh Fairclough                                                           170

James Houison                                                                            172

Kate (Small) Houison                                                                   172

Richard Houison                                                                          173

Jessie Houison                                                                            173

Dr Andrew Houison                                                                     174

James Keith Solling Houison                                                        177

Gwenda Solling Houison                                                                178

John McClymont                                                                          206